Morocco among the top six global importers in 2024

Morocco among the top six global importers in 2024
Morocco among the top six global importers in 2024
Morocco’s wheat imports are expected to increase significantly by 19% in 2024, reaching 7.5 million tonnes, according to recent forecasts from the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). This increase aims to compensate for a sharply reduced national harvest, thus placing the Kingdom in sixth place in the world among wheat importers.

In its report on the world food outlook, the FAO specifies that this increase in Moroccan imports will constitute a significant part of the overall increase in import demand in Africa, which is expected to grow by 2.2% to reach a record of 55 .6 million tonnes.

Drastic drop in national production

Wheat production in Morocco is expected to fall by almost 40% compared to last year, stabilizing at a below-average level of 2.5 million tonnes, according to FAO estimates. This drop in national production takes place in a context of stagnation in world wheat production, forecast at 787 million tonnes, a slight decrease of 0.1% compared to the previous campaign. This global stagnation is mainly due to declining harvests in the European Union, Ukraine, Turkey, the United Kingdom and Northern Ireland.

Drought and climatic conditions in North Africa

The FAO report highlights that significant rainfall deficits and high temperatures have severely affected wheat crops in North Africa. While Algerian production is expected to remain stable, Tunisia is expected to see a slight increase in production. In Egypt, where the wheat harvest is less dependent on rainfall, production is expected to remain close to the high levels of the previous year, without however preventing the country from remaining the world’s leading wheat importer.

The increase in wheat imports into Morocco has significant economic implications. According to the FAO, it reflects the need for the country to secure its food supplies in the face of unfavorable climatic conditions. This situation also highlights the importance of developing sustainable strategies to strengthen agricultural resilience and reduce dependence on imports.

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