Madrid, Oslo and Dublin recognize the State of Palestine – DW – 05/28/2024

Madrid, Oslo and Dublin recognize the State of Palestine – DW – 05/28/2024
Madrid, Oslo and Dublin recognize the State of Palestine – DW – 05/28/2024

As announced in a coordinated manner a week ago, Spain, Ireland and Norway have taken action and officially recognized the State of Palestine this Tuesday (05/28). The three countries believe that this recognition allows progress towards peace in the Middle East, despite the virulent criticism at the head of the Israeli government against this decision.

Today, three quarters of United Nations member states recognize the State of Palestine. In Europe, however, they still represent a minority.

Spain, Ireland and Norway are following in the footsteps of a handful of European countries.

Sweden, in 2014, was the first country in the European Union to recognize the State of Palestine.

At the time, the head of Swedish diplomacy assured that the country wanted “show the way forward”.

Since then, with the observation that this recognition had not changed the situation in the Middle East, Sweden has made a turnaround towards a pro-Israeli position. The terrorist attack of October 7 further clarified this position, to the point of seeing the current coalition crossed by calls to revoke recognition of Palestine.

Elsewhere in Europe, the Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland, Bulgaria, Romania and Cyprus recognize Palestine. However, they had done so before joining the EU.

Furious, the Israeli Minister of Foreign Affairs, Israel Katz, attacked Pedro Sánchez on Tuesday, whom he accused, in a message on X, of being “complicit in calls for the genocide of the Jewish people.”Image: Gili Yaari/NurPhoto/picture alliance

Nine countries out of 27

If we add up, that makes nine countries out of the 27 EU member states, plus Norway, a NATO member.

This group could still be joined in the coming weeks by Slovenia, where possible recognition must be assessed by Parliament. The State of Malta has also said it is ready to take this step.

This new wave breaks with the position adopted by the majority of Western countries, in Europe and North America, which believe that the formal recognition of the State of Palestine must be the result of a peace process with Israel.

For Germany for example it is “too early”in the words of the German Chancellor who reacted last week to the Spanish announcement.

According to Olaf Scholz, “there is no clarity on the national territory, nor on all other questions linked to it”. Berlin wants a “negotiated solution between Israel and the Palestinians which amounts to a two-state solution”.

In France too we believe that this is not the right time, even if the subject would no longer be “A taboo”according to French President Emmanuel Macron.

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