Climate: more and more people displaced by droughts and floods

Climate: more and more people displaced by droughts and floods
Climate: more and more people displaced by droughts and floods

LDroughts and floods led to the displacement of nearly eight million people last year in the ten most affected countries, according to a ranking published Thursday by Oxfam. This represents an increase of 120% compared to the previous decade.

Figures from the Global Internal Displacement Database (GIDD) show that Somalia, China, the Philippines, Pakistan, Kenya, Ethiopia, India, Brazil, Bangladesh and Malaysia are the countries most impacted by population movements due to floods and droughts last year. The number of displaced people in these countries was 7.9 million in 2023, compared to 3.5 million in 2013.

Data collected by Oxfam shows that floods and droughts recorded in the ten most affected countries increased from 24 in 2013 to 656 last year. Somalia, for example, was affected by 223 floods and droughts in 2023, compared to only two in 2013.

Globally, floods and droughts have displaced 10 million people.

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Aid from rich countries

Among the 10 countries most affected by these disasters, five (Bangladesh, Ethiopia, Kenya, Pakistan and Somalia) saw the number of their inhabitants suffering from acute hunger triple, Oxfam calculated. According to the NGO, 14 million people were affected in 2013. There are now more than 55 million.

“It is always the most vulnerable people and those least responsible for the climate crisis who pay the heaviest price, while rich and polluting countries continue to do too little and too late to help them,” said Nuzhat Nueary, coordinator of Oxfam’s climate policies. “Climate change and El Niño have intensified droughts, floods and cyclones, all of which impact people’s lives and livelihoods. Combined with conflicts, economic shocks and deep inequalities, they have also worsened the problem of hunger. »

“We can end the suffering of the people. Rich, polluting countries must reduce their emissions and provide adequate climate finance to the countries most affected by the climate crisis, so that they are better able to cope with climate shocks and rebuild,” she adds. . “They must also allocate resources to the new loss and damage fund. This is not a gesture of goodwill but an obligation arising from the damage they have caused. »

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