Ukrainian drone attacks on Russian refineries and oil infrastructure

Ukrainian drone attacks on Russian refineries and oil infrastructure
Ukrainian drone attacks on Russian refineries and oil infrastructure

Ukraine systematically attacks Russian energy infrastructure in an attempt to disrupt Russia’s economy and its ability to finance its military effort.

Ukrainian authorities say the attacks were carried out in retaliation for Russian strikes on Ukraine’s energy system.

Here is a timeline of major drone strikes on Russian oil refineries and infrastructure this year.

June 18 – A drone attack set fire to oil storage sites in the Rostov region of southern Russia.

June 14 – Debris from a downed drone damaged an unused tank at a fuel depot in Russia’s Voronezh region.

June 6 – A fire was extinguished at the Novoshakhtinsk oil refinery in the Rostov region, which had been attacked by a drone.

May 20 – The Slavyansk oil refinery was attacked by a drone.

May 18 – The Importpischeprom oil products terminal in the Russian Black Sea port of Novorossiysk has resumed fuel loadings after suspending operations following a drone attack a day earlier, according to industry sources and LSEG data.

May 17 – The Tuapse oil refinery on the Black Sea was attacked by drones for at least the second time this year.

May 12 – The Volgograd oil refinery, which has a production capacity of some 300,000 barrels per day (bpd), caught fire following a drone attack.

May 10 – A drone attacked the Pervyi Zavod refinery in Russia’s Kaluga region, following a first attack on March 15.

May 9 – Gazprom Neftekhim Salavat oil, petrochemical and fertilizer complex in the Bashkortostan region shut down its catalytic cracker after being attacked by a drone. The Salavat complex refinery will operate at 130,000 bpd in 2023.

April 1 – A drone struck the Russian Taneco refinery. In 2023, it processed 340,600 bpd of crude oil, the third largest volume among Russian refineries, after Omsk and Kirishi.

March 23 – A fire breaks out at the Kuibyshev refinery after a Ukrainian drone attack. In 2023, it processed 73,700 bpd of oil.

March 18 – The Slavyansk refinery catches fire after a drone attack. It has a capacity of approximately 100,000 barrels per day.

March 16 – The Syzran oil refinery, controlled by Rosneft, burned for hours before the fire was brought under control after a Ukrainian drone attack. The refinery has a production capacity of 170,000 bpd, but its actual output has been lower. In 2023, it will process around 100,000 bpd.

March 15 – An oil refinery in the Kaluga region, south of Moscow, was attacked by drones, causing damage. The capacity of its primary processing unit is 1.2 million tonnes per year, or approximately 24,000 barrels per day.

March 13 – The Novoshakhtinsk oil refinery in southern Russia’s Rostov region suspended operations after drones crashed at the site, but resumed operations later in the day. In 2023, the refinery processed an average of 96,000 barrels of oil per day.

March 13 – The Ryazan oil refinery was set on fire following a drone attack. Its capacity is approximately 317,000 bpd.

March 12 – A drone was destroyed on the outskirts of Kirishi, where Surgutneftegaz’s Kirishinefteorgsintez (KINEF) refinery is located. The Kirishi complex is one of the two main refineries in Russia. It refines around 355,000 bpd of Russian crude.

March 12 – A fire breaks out at NORSI, Russia’s fourth largest refinery, following a drone attack. NORSI refines around 317,000 bpd of Russian crude per year. Lukoil also said in January that it had shut down a unit at its refinery due to an unspecified incident.

February 9 – A fire broke out at the Ilsky refinery in the Krasnodar region of southern Russia and was extinguished in about two hours. Its refining capacity is 6.6 million tonnes of crude oil per year, or 132,000 bpd.

January 26 – The Tuapse refinery in southern Russia halted oil processing and production following a fire. The capacity of the Tuapse plant is 240,000 barrels per day.

January 21 – The Ust-Luga complex was forced to suspend some operations at the huge Baltic Sea fuel export terminal at Ust-Luga, as well as “technological processes” at a nearby fuel production complex, due to a fire, sparked by what Ukrainian media described as a drone attack. In 2023, the Ust-Luga complex processed 7 million tons of gas condensate (156,000 bpd). (Reporting by Vladimir Soldatkin, editing by Timothy Heritage)



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