alerts farmers and breeders to the risks of flooding and drought

alerts farmers and breeders to the risks of flooding and drought
alerts farmers and breeders to the risks of flooding and drought
The National Meteorological Agency of Chad is sounding the alarm to farmers, breeders, water resource managers, projects, NGOs and authorities.

Facing the risk of flooding
– Strengthening communication: Inform and raise awareness among communities about risks through seasonal forecasts and their updates, with the support of the press, disaster risk reduction platforms, NGOs and alert systems early.
-Intervention capacities: Strengthen monitoring and intervention capacities of agencies responsible for flood monitoring, disaster risk reduction and humanitarian aid.
– Prevention of anarchic occupation: Avoid the anarchic occupation of flood-prone areas by residents and crops.
– Infrastructure: Strengthen protective dikes and ensure the maintenance of dams and road infrastructure.
– Rainwater management: Cleaning gutters to facilitate the evacuation of rainwater.
– Monitoring: Closely monitor alert thresholds in sites at high risk of flooding, particularly in the areas of the upper basin of the Logone River and the Chari and Bénoué sub-basins.
– Preparation: Provide reception sites for populations exposed to the disaster.
– Agriculture: Promote the cultivation of plants adapted to the persistence of excess water in the soil.
– Updates: Follow updates of seasonal forecasts and short and medium term forecasts produced and disseminated by the National Meteorology Agency.

Facing the risks of disease
– Awareness raising: Disseminate warning information on climate-sensitive diseases, in collaboration with ANAM and the health service.
– Health capacities: Strengthen the capacities of national health systems and national disaster risk reduction platforms.
– Sanitation: Sanitize urban areas through drainage and cleaning of gutters, and avoid contact with contaminated water.
– Fight against mosquitoes: Facilitate access to mosquito nets, anti-malarials and mosquito repellent products.
– Prevention of epizootics: Prevent epizootics caused by germs preferring good humid conditions. – Crop surveillance: Strengthen vigilance against diseases and crop pests (armyworm and other harmful insects). Facing the risks of drought
– Choice of crops: Choose species and varieties of crops tolerant of water deficit in exposed areas.
– Agricultural diversification: Promote irrigation and market gardening to reduce the risk of a drop in production.
-Pest prevention: Prevent the proliferation of the millet ear miner caterpillar.
– Technical intervention: Interact with technicians from the National Agency for Meteorology, Agriculture and the Water Resources Directorate for specific information and actions to take.

Outlook
In the equatorial Pacific, neutral conditions will evolve from June, towards a gradual cooling until the end of 2024. This will have a positive impact on cumulative rainfall, which will be generally normal to humid in the Sahelian zone and normal to trend surplus in the Sudanian zone of the country.
In the Atlantic, several models predict a warming of water temperatures over the coming months. These developments will positively affect precipitation during the 2024 season in Chad.

Chad precipitation forecast 2024
– June to August: Excess rainfall (45%) is expected in the Sudano-Sahelian zone, with a 15% probability of deficits.
– South-west and south of the country: Normal precipitation with an excess tendency is likely, with a probability of a deficit of 20%.
– July to September 2024: Normal precipitation with excess tendency could be recorded throughout the agricultural zone of the country, although some areas could experience deficits with a probability of 20%.

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