how much solidarity day brings to the state coffers

how much solidarity day brings to the state coffers
how much solidarity day brings to the state coffers

Created following the dramatic heatwave of 2003, the day of solidarity is no longer necessarily on Pentecost Monday. It brought in 3.2 billion euros in 2023.

A day to finance the autonomy of elderly or disabled people. If you are at work this Monday, May 20, 2024, this is what the revenue generated from your activity will be used for.

Because if Pentecost Monday is indeed one of the 11 public holidays on the French calendar, it is not necessarily a non-working day. No public holiday is obligatory except for May 1st.

It was in 2004 following the tragic heatwave of the previous summer that the principle of this day of solidarity for the elderly and fragile was established.

“It takes the form of an additional day of unpaid work for employees and the contribution (from employers to finance) the autonomy of elderly people and disabled people”, indicates the law of June 30, 2004 which specifies that in “the absence of convention or agreement, the day of solidarity is Pentecost Monday.”

This public holiday was chosen because it is not a religious festival (the feast of Pentecost is on Sunday) and above all because it is a weekday whereas on May 8 a planned time may fall the weekend.

Only 30% of French people work this Monday

This law was however amended in 2008. Now Whit Monday is no longer the default day of solidarity, employers are free to choose seven overtime hours in the year, or even to smooth them out as is the case in certain companies like the SNCF which asks its employees to work 1 minute 52 minutes more per day.

The consequence of this reform is that Pentecost Monday has gradually become a non-working day again for the vast majority of French people. A 2016 study by the Randstad firm estimated that only 30% of French employees worked on Pentecost Monday compared to 44% in 2005 when this day of solidarity was actually established.

The fact remains that Pentecost Monday or not, the day of solidarity still exists. It can take the form of a canceled RTT day, another non-working public holiday (with the exception of Christmas and Good Friday in Alsace-Moselle), extended working hours or a gift. companies to their employees who finance this day themselves (up to 0.3% of salaries).

The revenues from this day are not negligible. According to the National Solidarity Fund for Autonomy (CNSA), revenue from solidarity day amounted to 3.2 billion euros in 2023. An amount which is expected to rise to more than 3.4 billion euros this year.

In detail, the employee autonomy solidarity contribution (CSA) represented 2.4 billion euros and that of retirees and pre-retirees implemented in 2012 (CASA) more than 860 million euros.

A day of symbolic solidarity

This money is part of earmarked tax revenue, that is to say intended for explicitly identified expenses. In this case, the approximately 3 billion euros contribute to the financing of nursing homes, to that of services such as the Personalized Autonomy Allowance (APA) or the Disability Compensation Benefit (PCH).

The contribution is, however, modest and symbolic.

“The solidarity day no longer constitutes a very minor part of the financing of the autonomy branch, which has been guaranteed, since January 1, 2021, by the allocation to the National Solidarity Fund for autonomy, of a fraction generalized social contribution (CSG)”, indicates the CNSA.

In 2023, the financing of the autonomy assistance policy amounted to 38.6 billion euros and was based almost 82% on the CSG. The solidarity day represented just over 8% of this total amount.

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