These five aromatic plants that every gardener should have in their vegetable garden

These five aromatic plants that every gardener should have in their vegetable garden
These five aromatic plants that every gardener should have in their vegetable garden

Aromatic plants are essential for cooking good, tasty meals.

Easy to grow, they offer multitudes of benefits, particularly for our health.

Aromatics are also useful natural repellents against pests in the garden.

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1 p.m. in the garden

They are beautiful to look at, they fill our gardens with an intoxicating scent, they help drive away pests, they enhance our meals and they even have medicinal properties: aromatic plants are essential for vegetable gardens. There is a huge variety and it can be difficult to know which species to plant.

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Thyme

Native to the Mediterranean basin, this small rustic shrub is particularly resistant to heat and drought. Thyme is a fan of dry, even stony soils. It hates humidity, so you have to make sure you have well-drained soil. If in the south, we can plant it in the fall, we wait until spring in other regions of France. Thyme has repellent properties and is particularly effective in repelling slugs, whiteflies and carrot flies. It is therefore interesting to plant it near crops sensitive to pest attacks. In addition, thyme helps you treat your sores. As an infusion, it calms irritations in the throat and clears the bronchi.

The Basilic

A Source of antioxidants, basil brings a tasty note to our dishes. An aromatic plant, basil is also a medicinal plant since it relieves bloating and intestinal gas and it contains vitamin K, which allows the blood to clot well and protects the joints. Basil is easy to grow, even if you don’t have a green thumb. It likes soils rich in humus, regular watering, but hates humidity. This plant likes sun, but not drought! If the weather is dry, it is essential to protect it with mulch to keep it cool. To harvest as many leaves as possible, you must not let the plant flower, which is why you must pinch the stems as soon as they emit flower spikes.

Sage

An old saying goes “who has sage in his garden, does not need a doctor“. Sage is a plant popular since Antiquity for its many virtues. Moreover, its name comes from Latin “salvare“which means”save, heal“. It can be recognized by its soft gray-green foliage and its purple flowers. It is a hardy plant that tolerates cold very well, but when it is too intense, it can lose its leaves. But, don’t panic, if it is protected by a curtain, it will leave as soon as the good weather returns. Sage is also a Mediterranean plant, which means that it thrives in dry, slightly calcareous soil, exposed to the sun. Not liking humidity, it requires light watering. Sage also has repellent properties, it is effective against cabbage moth.

Mint

It is one of the stars of our gardens. Mint perfumes the surroundings, we use it in our dishes and in our drinks. And it is easy to grow. On the other hand, you must be vigilant, because mint tends to quickly colonize the soil and prevent the growth of plants nearby. We therefore install it in a bottomless pot if we wish to cultivate it in the ground. The latter must be rich and mint likes exposure to the sun or partial shade. It also requires a little work, since you have to weed it frequently and prune it often. Finally, we avoid installing it in a planter with other aromatic plants, as it could take over everything.

Parsley

If there is an aromatic plant essential to cooking, it is parsley. Very fragrant, it enhances our meals and delights our taste buds. Parsley is undemanding and very easy to grow. It thrives in rich, light, loose soil. If the soil is a little limestone, it is very good for this plant. It likes the sun, but is also happy in a partially shaded space. Parsley has the particularity of being able to be harvested all year round. If you decide to plant it in the vegetable garden, avoid placing it near the carrot, because it is a plant sensitive to the carrot fly. On the other hand, it can be combined with chives which is an excellent repellent against this parasite. Finally, parsley is a champion for repelling downy mildew which attacks tomatoes.


Sabine BOUCHOUL for TF1 INFO

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