World Endangered Species Day: May 11, 2024

There World Endangered Species Day, celebrated each year, highlights the urgency of protecting endangered species and the biodiversity of our planet. This day serves as a crucial reminder of our responsibility to fragile ecosystems and the many lives they support.

The current state of biodiversity

According to the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), more than 31,000 species are currently threatened with extinction. This figure represents approximately 27% of all species assessed. Among them, mammals such as the Javan rhino and the Sumatran orangutan are among the most threatened, with populations that have declined drastically in recent decades.

Factors leading to extinction

The main threats to biodiversity include deforestation, climate change, pollution and overexploitation of natural resources. For example, deforestation in the Amazon has reached a record level, with 11,088 km² of forest lost in 2020 alone. This habitat destruction is leading to the disappearance of many species that reside there.

Initiatives and solutions

International initiatives, such as the Galapagos Giant Tortoise Reintroduction Project, are showing signs of success. These efforts are essential to reversing the trend toward extinction. Furthermore, international agreements, such as the Convention on Biological Diversity, play a key role in the protection of endangered species.

Role of technologies and science

Technology and science offer new possibilities for conservation. Genetic sequencing, for example, provides a better understanding of the genetic diversity of endangered animal populations, essential for their conservation programs.

World Endangered Species Day is more than a commemoration; it’s a call to action. It is imperative that every individual, every government and every organization takes action to protect our natural heritage. Biological diversity is key to the survival of our planet, and its protection must be a top priority.

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