These dogs that you find so cute, but who suffer from it all their lives

These dogs that you find so cute, but who suffer from it all their lives
These dogs that you find so cute, but who suffer from it all their lives

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ANIMALS – A snout that is too flat, tiny paws or wrinkled skin: on TikTok dogs, it makes us crack up. “Anything that is juvenile, that looks like a puppy, as humans we find that cuter”explains to HuffPost Hela Rokbani, veterinarian at the SPA. Except in reality, these traits may be signs of a dog “hypertyped”and cause him many health problems.

A hypertyped animal is a cat, a dog or even a cow which has extreme morphological or behavioral traits compared to what is ” normal “ for his race. And these characteristics, accentuated by genetic selection, can lead to serious pathologies, as you can see in our video above.

Excessive folds, which are found in hypertyped sharpei, can cause skin inflammation. For dachshunds and basset hounds with legs that are too short, back pain is the key. And adorable pugs can suffer from respiratory problems because of their very short snouts. “It’s so debilitating that there are reconstructive surgeries to help them breathe”specifies Hela Rokbani.

Hypertyped dogs are also more likely to be abandoned. “At the SPA, we have quite a few English bulldogs abandoned because of difficulties in taking care of them”regrets Hela. “It’s a downward spiral,” adds Gilles Chaudieu, veterinary ophthalmologist and treasurer of the French Association of Veterinarians for Pets (AFVAC) . “Owners find themselves involved in medical or surgical treatments with the cost that must be borne”. So how did we get here?

“Planned abuse”

“Dogs were originally bred for working functions, such as helping herd herds or hunting.”explains Benoît Hédan, veterinarian and research engineer in the dog genetics team at the CNRS. “But gradually, there were more fashion effects with selections based more on beauty criteria than work, and therefore hypertype fashions.”

A selection which is facilitated by the fact that the characters are fixed very quickly in the dog. “In three generations, we are capable of modifying a morphology”recalls Gilles Chaudieu. “When we select dogs who are incapable of living a normal life, by wanting to produce a morphological type which we know will generate problems, this is programmed mistreatment. »

The AFVAC recalls that the phenomenon of hypertypes has increased in recent decades, fueled in particular by “the demand of the general public” And “the enthusiasm that these animals arouse in the media”.

To combat this vicious circle, AFVAC veterinarians recommend, among other things, considering hypertype as a selection error, and not rewarding hypertype animals during competitions. “Now, breeder clubs are more aware of this problem and are paying attention”believes Benoît Hédan, “but owners need to inform themselves about breed issues associated with a hypertype”.

Also see on HuffPost :

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