The risk of paralysis in a National Assembly without a majority

The risk of paralysis in a National Assembly without a majority
The risk of paralysis in a National Assembly without a majority

“A new era begins.” Gabriel Attal, the resigning Prime Minister, had to face the facts. The result of the legislative elections on Sunday, July 7, hastened the fall of the majority Macronism and the advent of a parliamentary power ready to free itself from the supervision of the executive. The political landscape continues its restructuring while the unprecedented breakthrough of the National Rally (RN) and its allies in the first round of the early legislative elections was finally stopped by the mechanics of the Republican front.

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The National Assembly finds itself without a majority, divided into three blocs of comparable size, between the left (182), the presidential coalition (168) and the extreme right (143). The Republicans (LR), for their part, are resisting with their 45 elected representatives, despite this tripolarization with centrifugal effects.

Unpublished under the Ve Republic, this parliamentary configuration is nevertheless the norm in many European parliamentary democracies, such as Germany, Spain, Italy or Belgium. “The center of gravity of power will be (…), now, more than ever, in the hands of Parliament”affirmed Gabriel Attal, urging the national representation to“to invent something new, something great, something useful”The presidential coalition has emerged crushed by a dissolution of the National Assembly that it has not digested. The presidential party Renaissance returns to the Palais-Bourbon with 102 of its elected representatives, the MoDem with 33 elected representatives and Horizons with 25 elected representatives.

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To everyone’s surprise, the left-wing alliance, under the banner of the New Popular Front (NFP), obtained the largest number of seats in the Chamber, with 182 elected representatives. After a campaign based on the logic of unity, built the day after the dissolution, in the name of a barrier against the extreme right, the balance of power on the left was profoundly reworked. La France insoumise (LFI) remains the largest party with 74 deputies and three dissidents. But the Socialist Party managed to double its numbers (59 elected representatives). The environmentalists obtained 28 deputies and the communists 9.

Another exercise of power

The NFP supplants the National Rally (RN), which was expecting to take the place of the leading political force in the Assembly. In this two-round majority vote, the far-right party and its ally, Eric Ciotti, found themselves without sufficient reserves of votes in the second round, after a campaign marked by the profiles of its racist, xenophobic, anti-Semitic and homophobic candidates. What does failure matter to Marine Le Pen, “The tide is rising. It has not risen high enough this time, but it continues to rise and, therefore, our victory is only delayed.”

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