19.5 million internally displaced people in sub-Saharan Africa in 2023 (IDMC)

19.5 million internally displaced people in sub-Saharan Africa in 2023 (IDMC)
19.5 million internally displaced people in sub-Saharan Africa in 2023 (IDMC)
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According to the report, armed conflict and violence remain the main drivers of these massive displacements, having caused 13.5 million displaced people alone. Sudan, beset by political and social unrest, accounts for 45% of this total or more than 6 million people, while the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) recorded the second highest figure (more than 3.7 millions of people). These two nations are indeed the scene of violent conflicts fueled by persistent political and ethnic tensions.

Meanwhile, other countries such as Somalia, Ethiopia and Burkina Faso are also facing mass displacement due to protracted conflicts.

In addition to conflicts, natural disasters have also had an impact “ significant » about the region. Devastating floods in the Horn of Africa following persistent drought have caused 6 million displacements, while Cyclone Freddy was one of the most devastating storms to hit the region, particularly in Malawi and Mozambique.

At the end of 2023, the total number of internally displaced people in sub-Saharan Africa stands at 34.8 million people, or 46% of the 68.3 million internally displaced people worldwide. A trend ” worrying » which highlights the urgency of concerted action at the regional and international level.

In 2009, the African Union adopted a convention on internally displaced persons (Kampala Convention) which aims to strengthen the protection of people displaced within their own country. Although welcomed by international humanitarian organizations, its implementation faces challenges, particularly in its ratification by all member states as well as its integration into domestic law, according to the International Red Cross. “ States must allocate more human, financial, technical and political resources to the prevention and management of internal displacement situations. », Underlined the organization (EcoFin).

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