Young NEETs, a category in search of socio-economic inclusion

Young people who are NEET (not in employment, education or training) form a vulnerable cohort hindering national progress. Their condition highlights the imperative of socio-economic integration policies. Targeted initiatives are essential to offer them promising horizons and prevent their marginalization. Here is what the Economic, Social and Environmental Council (CESE) recommends.

The CESE presented, this Wednesday, May 8, 2024, its opinion called “Young NEETs: What are the prospects for socio-economic inclusion”, developed as part of a self-referral, qui highlights a particular category of young people aged 15 to 24 living in a situation of great vulnerability, the NEETs.

According to Ahmed Réda Chami, president of the EESC, the number of young NEETs stands at at least 1.5 million. “ The problem lies in these young people’s lack of confidence in the future. It is essential to help them envision a future in this country, because otherwise, this category risks becoming radicalized or leaving the territory.“, he told Hespress FR.

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Furthermore, Morocco faces two other major challenges regarding his youth. On the one hand, it does not take full advantage of this formidable resource, underlined Chami, before explaining that “ the country has 6 million young people, constituting what we call a demographic bonanza which will close in 2040. It is therefore imperative to act today“.

On the other hand, several reasons explain why these young people find themselves in the NEET situation. Dropping out of school is one of them, in addition to the difficulties encountered in accessing the job market, he lamented.

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For his part, Moncef Kettani, member of the EESC and rapporteur for the theme on NEET, indicated that this self-referral which the Council examined is of capital importance, especially since it follows on from other self-referrals relating to youth employment, the social and solidarity economy, as well as the economic integration of young people into the overall development of the country.

Morocco is experiencing significant development. However, those who today are nearly 1,500,000 individuals aged 18 to 24 who are currently NEET, pose a problem to our economy, our society. The harms of this NEET situation pose a certain number of difficulties in relation to different operators and institutions“, he told Hespress FR.

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Furthermore, the Conseil concisely observed that some public policies target young people, but that they are neither integrated nor easily accessible to all. These difficulties accumulate because these young people are going through a tumultuous period in their lives. Often out of school or out of work, they encounter obstacles in getting back on their feet, thus lacking adequate support, he noted.

Based on this diagnosis, the EESC proposes in its opinion the adoption of an integrated approach structured around five axes. The first axis aims to strengthen the detection and monitoring capacities of young NEETs. To do this, the Council recommends in particular the creation of an expanded information system to identify NEETs and monitor their journeys, bringing together cross-referenced data from different sources.

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The second axis concerns the establishment of preventive measures aimed at avoiding the addition of new cohorts of young people to the NEET category. To this end, it is essential to fully ensure compulsory schooling up to the age of 16, by implementing the required retention and reintegration measures, while actively involving parents and stakeholders. .

It is also essential, according to the CESE, to generalize community schools in rural areas, while ensuring that they strengthen their infrastructure and broaden the coverage of school transport services. In addition, it is necessary to strengthen the public vocational training offer in rural areas, by adapting specializations to the specific needs of each region and each territory.

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As for the third axis, it provides for the establishment of a broader ecosystem to welcome and guide young NEETs towards personalized options meeting their specific needs. In this case, it would be appropriate to develop a dense network of reception, listening and guidance points for NEETs.

This network, which should extend to all local authorities, would be governed by a unified charter which would specify the roles, activities and distribution of responsibilities between the different actors involved.“, clarified the EESC.

Regarding the fourth axis, this aspect aims to improve the quality and effectiveness of services and integration programs for young NEETs. This mainly includes improving public services aimed at integrating them into the labor market, as well as guaranteeing individualized support to strengthen their employability. Suitable contracting mechanisms with the private sector or the associative sector are envisaged. The objective is to facilitate their reintegration into the education or training system, to help them find internships or jobs, and to support them before and after starting a business.

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Finally, the fifth axis aims to establish a governance framework characterized by optimal coherence and complementarity between the various programs, as well as continuous and effective coordination between the different stakeholders involved.

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