Demographic composition of Senegal: Abdourahmane Sarr calls for the capitalization of the dividend – Lequotidien

Demographic composition of Senegal: Abdourahmane Sarr calls for the capitalization of the dividend – Lequotidien
Demographic composition of Senegal: Abdourahmane Sarr calls for the capitalization of the dividend – Lequotidien

It is well known: Senegal is composed mainly of young people. Indeed, of the 18 million residents, 75% are under 35 years old. A situation that pushes the Minister of Economy, Planning and Cooperation to want to “capitalize on the dividends of density and demography”. Yesterday, during the ceremony for the restitution of the provisional results of the General Population and Housing Census (Rgph5), Abdourahmane Sarr considered that this youth “must allow us to move towards strengthening human capital, in order to significantly increase productivity”. The Minister of Economy, Planning and Cooperation spoke of an “alleviation of the strong pressure exerted on the working population through this dividend capture (…) By density dividend I mean the acceleration of urbanization, which is very often presented as a handicap, but is a source of opportunities for businesses, economies of scale, and the dissemination of innovation and knowledge.”

It should be remembered that in Senegal, the total resident population in 2023 is 18 million 126 thousand 390 people, or 50.6% men and 49.4% women. This population is made up of 98.9% individuals of Senegalese nationality. Between 2013 and 2023, it increased by 2.9% per year; at this rate, the population size will double in 25 years. Half of the resident population is under 19 years old and those under 15 years old represent 39% of the total population. Those under 35 years old constitute 75% of residents in 2023. Nearly half of the population, or 47%, is concentrated in the regions of Dakar, Thiès and Diourbel. The Dakar region stands out with a proportion of 22% of the country’s total population on 0.28% of the territory, i.e. a density of 7,277 inhabitants per km2. Life expectancy at birth at the national level increased from 64.7 years in 2013 to 68.9 years in 2023; this is 70 years for women compared to 67.7 years for men. In urban areas, this indicator stands at 71.4 years compared to 67.7 years in rural areas. It is higher in the most urbanized regions. In Dakar, for example, life expectancy is 72 years, Thiès 71.3 years and Diourbel 70 years.

44.5% of households are agricultural households, the majority of which (67.7%) reside in rural areas. The heads of agricultural households are mainly men (83.9%). At the regional level, Dakar and Ziguinchor have the largest number of agricultural households headed by women. They have respective rates of 27.6% and 25.2%. Approximately 71.2% of agricultural households practice rain-fed agriculture, 87.1% engage in livestock breeding, 16% in horticulture and 3.6% in fishing.
But Malik Gaye – [email protected]

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