2024 Legislative Elections Without a Drama National Rally in Perpignan: “Louis Aliot Has No Reserve Votes”

2024 Legislative Elections Without a Drama National Rally in Perpignan: “Louis Aliot Has No Reserve Votes”
2024 Legislative Elections Without a Drama National Rally in Perpignan: “Louis Aliot Has No Reserve Votes”

David Giband, professor of urban planning at the University of Perpignan and author of studies linking Perpignan sociology and the RN, deciphers the results of this second round of the 2024 legislative elections in the capital of Roussillon.

How can we explain that it is in Perpignan, the only town run by the RN in the department, that the party achieves its least impressive scores?

I am not surprised by the small gap between Sophie Blanc and Francis Daspe in Perpignan (1,771 votes). Already, during the last presidential elections, Marine Le Pen had a delta of 763 votes in the first round ahead of Jean-Luc Mélenchon. And, in the second round, it was Emmanuel Macron who came out on top in Perpignan. There are several sources of explanation. The first, for me, is that Louis Aliot has no reserve of votes in Perpignan. And this, despite the national and regional surge of his party.

Isn’t that surprising after four years of running the town hall?

We can also start to wonder if these RN scores in Perpignan are not the consequences of a municipal policy that does not have many convincing results. We do not see any major development projects starting, nor any major projects being structured, the city would start to be rather indebted… For the moment, I cannot assure you. It is an avenue of reflection.

Is this a message for Louis Aliot?

I don’t know if it’s a message, but it’s an indicator in any case. He has a very small electoral reserve. If, for the 2026 municipal elections, he finds himself facing a real union on the left or the right, the match will not necessarily be that simple… The small gap between Sophie Blanc and Francis Daspe in Perpignan is proof of a marked level of uncertainty. We must not forget that in 2020, Louis Aliot was elected against a left and a right that were both very fragmented.

La France Insoumise has real electoral weight in Perpignan. Why?

It is a party that goes to working-class neighborhoods. Managing to mobilize these voters weighs in the balance.

The good scores of the RN vote are often associated with the most rural areas. How do you explain the results above 60% in the Perpignan suburbs?

These areas near Perpignan have been RN breeding grounds for a long time. They have often been above the national average. This is where the RN’s electoral stock-in-trade is located. The inhabitants of these peri-urban communes consider Perpignan as a deterrent city. We regularly see fear of the city centre which is associated with insecurity, delinquency, etc. This leads to territorial withdrawal. People want to defend their residential property. These are also communes where the population is a little older. Older people can more easily turn to the RN bulletin.

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