Death of a 3-year-old child from cholera in Mayotte: 4 things to know about this potentially fatal disease

Death of a 3-year-old child from cholera in Mayotte: 4 things to know about this potentially fatal disease
Death of a 3-year-old child from cholera in Mayotte: 4 things to know about this potentially fatal disease

the essential
For the first time since the start of the cholera epidemic in March in Mayotte, a 3-year-old child died on Wednesday May 8. Here are 4 things to know about this disease.

The cholera epidemic in Mayotte has caused the first death, a three-year-old child in the commune of Koungou, the prefecture and the Regional Health Agency announced on Wednesday. “A first child died today,” they wrote in a joint press release. But what is this disease that has been raging for several weeks in the territory of Mayotte? Symptoms, transmission and origins… we explain everything to you.

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In August 1854, cholera morbus caused the death of 151 Limoux residents.

Symptoms and transmissions

This bacterial disease, which can cause acute diarrhea and even lead to death from dehydration within one to three days, is transmitted through contaminated water or food. Symptoms may appear 12 hours to 5 days after infection. “Mortality is higher among children, the elderly and vulnerable individuals.” explains the Pasteur Institute.

Treatment

As the disease causes a lot of water loss, “treatment essentially consists of compensating for digestive losses of water and electrolytes. Rehydration is provided orally or intravenously, depending on the degree of dehydration. The improvement is noticeable after a few hours and recovery, without after-effects, is obtained in a few days.” reports the Pasteur Institute

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Cholera in Reunion and Mayotte, should we be worried?

Vaccination

“Vaccination is the quickest way to prevent, limit and contain cholera epidemics” according to the WHO. “The only vaccine against cholera available in France is Dukoral.” reports the site Vaccination information professional service. It is not recommended to administer this vaccine to children under 2 years of age, but also to the elderly.

Origins

“Cholera spread from 1817 throughout Asia, the Middle East as well as part of Africa, during the first cholera pandemic” indicates Public Health France. The disease will then cross the world with the development of means of transport and several other pandemics will appear in the following years.

#French

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