Analysis of 2023 Trends and Reflection on Female Under-representation in Reports of Fraud and Corruption to OFNAC

Analysis of 2023 Trends and Reflection on Female Under-representation in Reports of Fraud and Corruption to OFNAC
Analysis of 2023 Trends and Reflection on Female Under-representation in Reports of Fraud and Corruption to OFNAC

In 2023, the Office of Complaints and Denunciations (BPD) of the National Office for the Fight against Fraud and Corruption (OFNAC) was the scene of intense activity, reflecting the continued commitment to the fight against criminal practices in Senegal. With a total of fifty-three (53) complaints and denunciations recorded during this year, the BPD brought the total number of complaints since its creation to one thousand eight hundred and ninety-eight (1,898). This significant increase in the volume of complaints demonstrates a growing awareness among the population of the importance of reporting cases of fraud and corruption.

A striking trend in 2023 has been the emergence of electronic referrals, which now represent 53% of complaints registered. This development marks a notable change compared to previous years, highlighting the adaptation to new technologies in the crime reporting process.

Among the complaints received in 2023, thirty-five (35) were filed anonymously, representing 17% of the total. This six-point decrease from the previous year perhaps indicates greater confidence in the whistleblowing process, where complainants are willing to disclose their identities for more transparent and effective action.

The Dakar region stood out as being the most active in terms of complaints, with twenty-five (25) complaints recorded, followed by Thiès with nine (09). However, it should be noted that no complaints have been reported from the regions of Kédougou, Sédhiou, Kolda and Matam, which raises questions about awareness and access to the reporting platform in these regions.

A demographic analysis reveals a predominance of male complainants in the reporting process, highlighting an underrepresentation of women in reporting fraud and corruption. This gender disparity, although present, is attenuated in anonymous or collective files, suggesting a possible reluctance of women to report offenses individually.

In short, the year 2023 was marked by sustained activity within the OFNAC BPD, illustrating the continued commitment of the population in the fight against fraud and corruption in Senegal. This data not only reveals current trends in crime reporting, but also highlights ongoing challenges, such as raising awareness in certain regions and the need for balanced gender representation in reporting criminal practices.

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