4 types of hand-borne diseases

4 types of hand-borne diseases
4 types of hand-borne diseases

And when you bring your contaminated hands to your eyes, nose or mouth, you risk transferring these pathogens there and developing various infections.


Norovirus is the most common cause of acute gastroenteritis and can affect people of all ages. It is often spread when people don’t wash their hands enough. Personal and collective hygiene therefore remains the basis of primary prevention.

Airborne diseases

Many infectious diseases – colds, flu, Covid-19 – are spread by droplets that are breathed, sneezed or coughed into the air by an affected person. But poor hand-washing techniques – picking up miasma at the moment of a cough or sneeze – are also largely to blame.

Nosocomial infections

The transmission of germs in hospitals occurs mainly through the hands of healthcare workers. They must therefore be washed before and after each treatment. Fortunately, the use of hydroalcoholic solutions from the 2000s has made it possible to limit the transmission of infectious agents through the hands.

Hepatitis A

Hepatitis A is an inflammation of the liver. It is transmitted by ingestion of contaminated water or food. In the family setting, this transmission can occur when an infected individual prepares food for family members with dirty hands.

How to wash your hands ?

Even though hand washing seems like child’s play, certain areas – the fingertips, between the fingers, the backs of the hands – are sometimes neglected. A reminder is therefore sometimes necessary:

Wet your hands; use a liquid or solid soap; lather by carefully rubbing the palms and backs of the hands, fingers and between fingers, wrists; clean the underside of the nails; rinse; dry with a clean hand towel; close the tap with the hand towel; throw the hand towel into a trash can.

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