France is preparing to innovate with special reactors – La Nouvelle Tribune

The development of mini-nuclear reactors is accelerating globally, reflecting a growing quest for compact and efficient energy solutions. These reactors, smaller and often modular, are designed to be more flexible and safer than traditional reactors. To UNITED STATESAt Canadain Russia and in China, initiatives aim to create reactors that can be deployed quickly to power remote areas or specific industrial facilities. This trend is accompanied by a desire to reduce nuclear waste and optimize the use of existing resources.

In France, the Naarea company stands out with a mini-reactor project using nuclear waste as fuel. According to a report from TF1, this reactor aims to provide energy from 2030 for isolated towns and factories, using plutonium from current reactors. The project represents an investment of several hundred million euros, aimed at transforming long-lived waste into a viable energy resource. This concept aligns with a sustainable and innovative vision of nuclear waste management.

At the same time, the start-up Jimmy Energy, based in Le Creusot, plans to launch the construction of its factory in September. With an investment of 100 million eurosthe objective is to produce a reactor capable of generating heat for industrial processes by the end of 2026. This reactor aims to replace polluting gas with a carbon-free heat Source, thus meeting the growing demand from manufacturers for greener and more economical energy solutions.

EDF, for its part, is developing the Nuward project, a 15 meter high mini-reactor, ten times smaller than traditional EPR reactors. This reactor has the particularity of producing both electricity and steam, usable for industrial applications or for the production of hydrogen. EDF plans to deploy these reactors mainly abroad, with ongoing discussions with several European countries seeking to replace their coal plants.

However, these projects must go through rigorous controls by the Nuclear Safety Authority (ASN), an often long and demanding process. The focus is on security and regulatory compliance to ensure that these new technologies can be safely and efficiently integrated into the European energy landscape. With significant investments and a clear desire to modernize and diversify energy supply, France is positioning itself as a key player in the field.

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